Scientists Destroyed a Nest of Murder Hornets. Here’s What They Learned.

first_imgAlthough Mr. Spichiger said officials removed many of the queens from the nest just in time, he said there were some that could have escaped and could form new colonies next year.At least three queens were found in a nearby water bucket after the extraction, he said, adding that it was impossible for officials to be certain that they had caught all the hornets or how many more there could be.“When you see all the relatively small nests able to pop out 200 queens, it does give one a little bit of pause, because eventually each of those queens could be a new nest,” he said.If any queens escaped, they may not survive if they did not receive adequate nutrition before leaving the nest. But if one was properly fed and had mated with a male, she could theoretically go off and pick a protected area to be insulated through the winter, helping to form new colonies in the spring. “It really seems like we got there in the nick of time,” Sven-Erik Spichiger, managing entomologist at the Washington State Department of Agriculture, said at a news conference about the nest’s findings this week. Here’s what the scientists have discovered.The nest could have held about 200 queens. Hoping to eventually eradicate the hornets, State Agriculture Department workers will continue trapping them until at least Thanksgiving.However, officials will not track any queens they may capture because they are not likely to return to a nest for officials to eradicate. At this point in the season, officials’ best chance of locating another nest is if the hornets go on to attack a beehive, Mr. Spichiger said.The discoveries from this nest have left officials unsure of how the hornets got to the Pacific Northwest in the first place. Mr. Spichiger said it was likely that a mated queen made its way to Washington through international trade. He also said it was possible that someone had smuggled the hornets into the United States to raise them as food. (They are sometimes eaten as snacks or used as an ingredient in alcoholic drinks.)Even if there are no other hornets found in the area in the future, officials will continue to use traps for at least three more years to ensure that the area is free of the hornets.“These are not going to hunt you down and murder you,” Mr. Spichiger said. But, “If you walk into a nest, your life is probably in danger.” In addition to the 112 worker hornets that were found, there were hundreds of larvae and pupae (the life stage after larvae), as well as some eggs and male hornets. Mr. Spichiger also said the nest was capable of holding about 200 queens.The nest was smaller than those found in areas to which the hornets are native, where there can be as many as 700 queens, Mr. Spichiger said.Some queens may have escaped. Still, he added, “your life is also in danger if you walk into the nest of other stinging insects as well.” Asian giant hornets — better known as murder hornets — inspired menacing headlines throughout the summer amid warnings that the invasive insects could decimate American honeybee populations. Last month, after various sightings across the Pacific Northwest, officials in Washington State discovered and removed the first known murder hornet nest in the United States.As officials continue to seek out other nests for destruction in hopes of eradicating the hornets from the country, entomologists are revealing what they have learned from the first nest removal.- Advertisement –center_img – Advertisement – “It’s clear since we captured specimens last year and captured queens early on that a few of them did manage to establish nests in 2020,” he said.There could still be nests out there. On Oct. 29, officials opened the nest to find most of the insects still alive. Including the hornets that were vacuumed up days before, officials said they removed about 500 hornets in various life stages from the nest, which was about 14 inches long and at least eight inches wide. Late last month, officials in Blaine, Wash., removed the nest of aggressive hornets — which were about to enter their “slaughter phase” — before they could multiply and kill the area’s honeybees. Had they not been removed, the insects could have laid waste to the pollinators vital to the region’s raspberries, blueberries and other crops.- Advertisement – The hornet is not native to the United States and can be more commonly found in Asia, where it has been known to kill up to 50 people a year in Japan.The Blaine colony was located in a region of forests and farmland after officials attached radio trackers to three hornets that they had trapped earlier. One of those hornets led officials to the nest, which was about eight feet up in a tree.Entomologists extracted a few hundred hornets with a vacuum and then sealed the rest of the nest shut on Oct. 24, Mr. Spichiger said at the news conference, held virtually on Tuesday. Officials later removed the section of tree where the nest had been sealed and took it to a quarantine research center at Washington State University.- Advertisement –last_img read more

H5N1 death in Laos confirmed; Chinese reject research report

first_imgMar 8, 2007 (CIDRAP News) – The World Health Organization (WHO) has confirmed the first fatal case of H5N1 avian influenza in Laos, involving a 15-year-old girl, while Chinese officials have denied new research claims that several strains of the virus originated in Guangdong province.The Laotian girl died yesterday in a hospital in Nongkhai, Thailand, where she had been receiving treatment since Feb 17, said the WHO, which on Feb 27 confirmed the girl as Laos’ first avian flu case-patient. Poultry deaths had been reported in the girl’s village, a suburb of the capital, Vientiane.The girl’s body was cremated yesterday, with her family’s approval, at a Buddhist temple in Thailand to prevent further spread of the disease, the state-run Thai News Agency reported today.Health officials in Laos are still awaiting final test results on a 42-year-old woman from Vientiane province who died 4 days ago; the WHO has said she probably had the H5N1 virus. If the WHO confirms her case, she will be listed as Laos’ second case-patient.In mid-February outbreaks of H5N1 struck poultry near Vientiane, ending a 6-month period without a major outbreak.China rejects research findingsMeanwhile, Chinese officials have rejected the findings of an American study that pointed to China’s southern province of Guangdong as the source of multiple H5N1 virus strains that spread internationally, according to a report on the China Daily Web site yesterday.The report, published in an early online edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), details how University of California-Irvine (UCI) researchers used genetic and geographic data on the H5N1 virus to chart its history over the past decade, according to a UCI press release. From analyzing 192 samples obtained across Asia and Europe, researchers concluded that several strains of the virus originated in Guangdong province, and they claim to have identified bird migration routes that facilitated the regional and international spread of the virus.Study coauthor Walter Fitch said in the press release that the findings could help officials more efficiently control the virus at its source. “With a road map of where the strain has migrated, you’re more likely to isolate the strain that you should be using to make the vaccine,” said Fitch, who is a professor of ecology and evolutionary biology at UCI.However, He Xia, a spokesperson for the Guangdong Provincial Agricultural Department, told China Daily the researchers’ conclusions are flawed and the study lacks credibility. “Actually, Guangong did not witness any bird flu cases in 1996. As a result, the findings are not based on facts,” He said.China’s reaction to the report was reminiscent of an episode in November 2006, when another report in PNAS drew criticism from Chinese officials. In that case, US scientists said that a new H5N1 subtype, which they labeled Fujian-like, had become predominant in southern China in the previous year and had been found in human cases. The Chinese agriculture ministry denied that any new strain had emerged.More poultry outbreaks reportedIn other avian flu news, several countries recently reported fresh outbreaks in poultry and other birds:Afghanistan confirmed outbreaks at six more sites in Nangarhar and Kunar provinces in the eastern part of the country and in Kabul, according to an Associated Press report. Recent outbreaks were reported in the eastern city of Jalalabad and in Kunar province.South Korea today confirmed its seventh outbreak in recent months, Reuters reported. The agriculture minister said the outbreak occurred at a poultry farm in Chonan, about 55 miles south of Seoul, which was the site of a similar outbreak in January, the story said.China reported an outbreak at a chicken farm in Tibet, according to a report submitted 2 days ago to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). The outbreak, which occurred in Lhassa district, began on Jan 1 and was confirmed on March 5. Tibet’s last H5N1 outbreak in birds occurred in May 2006.Vietnam yesterday reported H5N1 outbreaks at two chicken farms on the outskirts of Hanoi, Reuters reported. The disease has also recently struck ducks in the southern province of Vinh Long and chickens in the northern provinces of Hai Duong and Ha Tay, the Reuters report said.See also:Mar 8 WHO statementhttp://www.who.int/csr/don/2007_03_08/en/index.htmlUC Irvine press releasehttp://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2007-03/uoc–usr030507.phpWallace RG, Ho Dac HM, Lathrop RH, et al. A statistical phylogeography of influenza A H5N1. Proc Natl Acad Sci 2007 Mar 7 (early online publication) [Abstract]OIE report on Tibet outbreakNov 3, 2006, CIDRAP News story “Study says new H5N1 strain pervades southern China”Feb 10, 2006, CIDRAP News story “Report depicts China as launching pad for avian flu”last_img read more

Emergency authorization for peramivir draws fast response

first_imgOct 26, 2009 (CIDRAP News) – Requests to use the intravenous (IV) antiviral drug peramivir in hospitalized H1N1 flu patients came quickly after the government issued an emergency use authorization (EUA) Oct 23, a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) official said today.”We released the peramivir [EUA] at 8 p.m. Friday, which is not a great time, but the feeling was we wanted to get this approved and get the drug moving as quickly as possible,” Dr. Philip J. Peters said during an educational teleconference for clinicians today.”We have had several inquiries and have sent it out to, I believe, five hospitals so far,” he said.The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued the peramivir EUA to make an IV antiviral drug available for H1N1 flu patients in response to a CDC request. The existing antivirals indicated for H1N1 are oseltamivir (Tamiflu), taken orally, and zanamivir (Relenza), which is inhaled. Those routes of administration may not be feasible for critically ill patients, especially those on ventilators.Peramivir, like oseltamivir and zanamivir, is a neuraminidase inhibitor. It is in clinical trials and has not yet gained FDA approval for general use. The FDA has been considering issuing an emergency authorization for several months, and interest in using it in severely ill H1N1 patients has grown as the pandemic has spread across the country.Under the EUA, clinicians who want to use peramivir must fill out a set of forms available on the CDC Web site and fax them to the agency.Previously, clinicians who wanted to use the drug for H1N1 patients faced a more involved process called an emergency-use investigational new drug (EIND) application. The drug was used in a few patients under those rules, according to BioCryst Pharmaceuticals, the manufacturer, and other experts.”I know there are a few who have gotten better, who got it under an emergency use IND,” Dr. Richard Whitley, president-elect of the Infectious Diseases Society of America and a professor at the University of Alabama in Birmingham, told CIDRAP News last week. But he said it took 48 to 72 hours to obtain the drug under the EIND rules.Under the new EUA, the CDC will draw peramivir from the Strategic National Stockpile and send it to the requesting physician’s hospital free of charge, Peters said today.The FDA’s EUA letter calls on the CDC to send the drug to hospitals “as soon as possible within 24 hours of CDC’s decision” to provide it.In a news release about the authorization, BioCryst said it has transferred enough peramivir for 1,200 treatment courses to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The donation was made under the company’s development contract with HHS.”BioCryst has worked with HHS to enable the government to rapidly deploy an initial supply of peramivir, and we are prepared to deliver more,” Jon P. Stonehouse, BioCryst chief executive officer, said in the release.The company said it is completing production of about 130,000 treatment courses to prepare for orders it may receive from the United States or other governments. A treatment course is 600 milligrams (mg) once a day for 5 days.The FDA letter says the “totality of scientific evidence” indicates that IV peramivir may be effective in H1N1 patients and that “there is no adequate, approved, and available alternative to the emergency use of peramivir administered intravenously for the treatment of 2009 H1N1 in certain adult and pediatric patients.”The EUA permits use of peramivir only in hospitalized patients, Peters noted in today’s Clinical Outreach and Communication Update (COCA) call.In clinical trials so far, peramivir has yielded outcomes similar to those for the other neuraminidase inhibitors, Peters said. One study showed comparable results for patients who received a single IV dose of peramivir and patients who received oral oseltamivir for 5 days, he reported.”The dose we’re recommending is 600 mg once a day, given intravenously, for 5 to 10 days,” he said. A CDC fact sheet for clinicians provides pediatric dosing recommendations based on modeling, as no pharmacokinetic studies have been done in children, he added.Adverse events in patients given peramivir have included diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and neutropenia, Peters reported. Physicians who use the drug under the EUA will be asked to report any serious adverse events.”We don’t anticipate that there’ll be resistance problems with peramivir,” which seems to have a resistance profile similar to that of oseltamivir, Peters said. He noted that 9 oseltamivir-resistant H1N1 isolates have been found among more than 1,000 tested in the United States. Most of the resistant viruses were from patients with severe immunosuppression.In response to a question, Peters said an IV formulation of zanamivir exists but is in a much earlier stage of clinical testing than peramivir. Under EIND rules, the formulation has been used in several patients because of concern about possible resistance to oseltamivir, he said.”Peramivir and zanamivir are really two separate issues; it’s not that one would be approved [for an EUA] and not the other,” he commented. “With the body of evidence available at this time, the FDA felt there was enough information available on safety and efficacy to approve peramivir. Zanamivir could be approved in the future.”So far, between 6% and 25% of hospitalized H1N1 patients have required intensive care unit placement, Peters reported. He said three different types of clinical presentations have been seen in those cases: primary viral pneumonia, invasive bacterial co-infections, and a worsening of organ dysfunction in patients who had poor cardiopulmonary reserve because of preexisting conditions.See also: CDC information on peramivir EUAhttp://www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/eua/peramivir.htmOct 15 CIDAP News story “FDA faces decision about use of peramivir for H1N1”last_img read more

Tourism = occupation of the future

first_imgTourism is considered one of the key drivers of the country’s socio-economic progress. It can be compared in scope to oil exports, food production or car production. It has become one of the key factors in international trade and is one of the main sources of income in many developing countries. It represents 10% of world GDP, 6% of world exports and 1 in 11 of all world jobs. And now you can study it part-time, with work, family and other obligations, 100% online.It is crucial for success in tourism to follow trendsCreative thinking about news in the field of tourist offer is important for the success of an individual tourist organization. The main trends of the future are:Emotional experiencesExperiences of local specialtiesBody careGastronomyShoppingAn escape from everyday lifeThe full article is available at connectors.You can find the only online program in the field of tourism in Croatia at DOBA FacultyProgram Business and management in tourism includes the most modern subjects precisely from the field of trends in tourism, such as Development and design of top products and services in tourism, Sustainable Tourism and Local Environment, Social Media Strategies and Marketing, Tourism Trend Management,… We spend it in completely online, but don’t worry, we have been conducting online studies at DOBI for 17 years in a row, we have experience, international accreditation, developed support seven days a week, and your diploma will not say that you studied online, namely this way of studying is equivalent to classical – so officially, as in practice. Why? Check it out for yourself.Worried about an online degree? Due to the equality of both ways of studying, it is not written on your European diploma that you studied online.Do you want to get to know us better?We will be happy to forward you informative material if you trust us your contacts.Join us:05.09. in Zagreb06.09. in Split06.09. online07.09. in the riverMore information on consultation dates, addresses and registrations available is here.At DOBA Faculty, we have prepared an interesting video that shows how to become a successful online student, among other obligations?last_img read more

150 wines from Zagreb County presented to the catering sector

first_imgIn the presence of many winemakers, oenologists, caterers and wine lovers, the 1st show of the best wines of Zagreb County was opened.It is a unique oenological event where you could taste more than 150 types of world, domesticated and indigenous varieties of wine and several of the most respected types of cheese from county producers.S 5 milijuna trsova posađenih na više od 900 hektara površine Zagrebačka županija je u samom vrhu Republike Hrvatske prema broju vinara, vinskih etiketa, vinskih cesta i općenito vinogradarsko-vinskih projekata.” We are also in the lead in terms of the number of registered family farms, 15 thousand of them, and this quantity is accompanied by quality – especially in the sector of viticulture and winemaking in which we have a rich tradition.”Said Zagreb County Prefect Stjepan Kožić.As part of the Review, 33 winemakers from 9 vineyards in Zagreb County presented their wines with a protected designation of origin. In addition to tasting top wines, two expert workshops were organized for the visitors of the Revue – “Cheese and wine” where visitors could learn all about the proper pairing of these two foods and “Sparkling wines of Zagreb County” where they had the opportunity to meet about 10 producers from the area of ​​Zagreb County.During the opening ceremony of the Review, Kožić pointed out that tenders in agriculture worth HRK 15 million will be announced by the end of the week, some of which are already in progress. “This year’s 1st show of the best wines of Zagreb County provided an opportunity for local winemakers to present their products and achieve cooperation with other stakeholders in the market, and we plan to continue this type of product promotion with other our agricultural producers.”Kožić pointed out and emphasized that the goal is to connect wine producers with the catering sector, both in Zagreb County and in the whole of Croatia.Also, during the Revue, the champion medals from the 15th evaluation of Zagreb County wines were awarded, among which the title of absolute champion was taken by a mixture of white varieties – ice harvest 2014, OPG Đurinski.last_img read more

The INSiGHTS project brings the development of strategies, tourist maps and signalization of trails in Central Istria

first_imgThirteen partners from Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Germany, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia and Slovenia are at the very end of the INSiGHTS project – “Integrated, Slow, Green and Healthy Tourism Strategies”. LAG “Central Istria” as a project partner and the Administrative Department for Tourism of the Istrian County as an associated partner connected with the Tourist Boards of Central Istria, Motovun and Žminj and jointly approached the development Tourism Development Strategies 2018-2025 for the area of ​​the three tourist boards, which will be the basis for further focused and coordinated tourism development, in accordance with the principles of sustainability. The map is designed as a system that can be continuously supplemented with content, which is made possible through a simple form located on the website. As a supplement to the interactive map, and in preparation for the upcoming tourist season, printed maps with additional content are already available in tourist boards. It is important to emphasize that the interactive and printed maps as well as the signalization on the trails which focus on additional tourist content are made in collaboration with external experts from the Istrian Development Tourist Agency (IRTA) – Bike & outdoor department to align with existing and a recognizable system and so that users can easily access all the information they need. As a novelty in this area, an interactive tourist map has been established, available at www.authentic-istria.com, which brings together numerous facilities near the bike and trail trails in the area so that visitors can plan a visit to the tavern or agritourism, wine tasting in one of the wineries, tour some cultural sights or organize your accommodation for example in a bike & bed accommodation unit.  “In order to make it easier to find content in the field, the trails are also marked with new information boards and signals. Thus, in the area of ​​each of the tourist boards there is an information board showing all the trails and additional content on them (cultural, natural, eno-gastronomic), while the content for which there is no signal, is marked directly on the trails and enriched with QR codes. lead to websites with additional information ” stand out from the Tourist Board of Central Istria. It is a project approved under the Interreg Danube Transnational Program, and was aimed at developing sustainable tourism in the included regions, including inland Istria. Development tourism strategy, interactive and printed tourist maps and new signalization of the bike & trail trail as the main results of the INSiGHTS project.last_img read more

A small school on sustainable rural development and the connection with tourism

first_imgWith the accession to the European Union, the competitiveness of small-scale agricultural production and secondary related activities has deteriorated sharply. The future was not bright. But… high quality criteria. Ettal is a small town in the district (district) of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, at 877 m above sea level, has 812 inhabitants and is known for its Benedictine monastery. Valuable Benedictines are also members of an agricultural cooperative that brings together 37 households. “Love (life) is in the countryside” 91,6% of the total area of ​​the Republic of Croatia is located in rural areas,88,7% of settlements are located in rural areas,47,6% of the population of the Republic of Croatia lives in rural areas. The Vitalpina Hotels South Tyrol convey the vital alpine lifestyle of South Tyrol. A common philosophy and tested quality criteria ensure the high standard in the 31 family-run hotels Our quality promise Population policy on the wings of tourism:https://www.saalbach.com/home, a poor alpine agricultural town that had a population of just under 20 at the beginning of the 1.000th century, now has about 3.000. All thanks to the development of alpine tourism. An area where human settlements and infrastructure occupy a small part of the landscape;An area in which the natural environment is characterized by meadows, forests, mountains or deserts;Smaller settlements (average 5-10.000 inhabitants);Premises where most people work in family households;The price of land is relatively lower than in urban areas;Places where economic activities are burdened by increased costs, primarily due to the distance from cities and inadequate infrastructure. The most important economic and development and support of the region lies in tourism and cooperation between agriculture, industry and tourism. According to data from 2008, the region has 1.056.223 inhabitants, of which approximately half live in Alto Adige and half in the province of Trentino. For entrepreneurs, it is a place where economic activity is burdened by increased costs, primarily due to distance from cities (major markets and labor sources) and inadequate infrastructure (according to Caroline Ashley and Simon Maxwell, 2001, “Rethinking Rural Development”) For the residents, it is a place where the conditions for farming are constantly deteriorating, where the level of quality of life is low. Rural space is characterized by traffic isolation and general neglect of areas in development policy. (* Southeast European Rural Development Platform Survey 2016). There are no companies with more than 300 employees in that region, there are no high mountains suitable for winter and summer tourism, but there are no large arable lands because it is intersected by hills… Urban area – what is it? According to the above guidelines describing the rural area, Croatia is classified as a rural country, where half of the population lives in several larger cities that occupy a relatively small area. Rural area defines the Republic of Croatia, and this can be seen from the following data: Growing problems of rural areas Although we in Croatia are more inclined to find a problem for every solution, there are solutions for problems. When considering a solution, it is important to take into account responsible and sustainable development. “Sustainable development is a framework for formulating policies and strategies for continuous economic and social progress. environment and natural resources essential for human activities in the future. He relies on the ambitious idea that development must not jeopardize the future of future generations by consuming non-renewable resources and long-term devastation and environmental pollution. The main goal is to ensure the sustainable use of natural resources at the national and international level. ”(* Odraz.hr – Sustainable community development) The Republic of Croatia is a predominantly rural area Ettal – Benedictine monastery – center for processing agricultural products :https://www.bavaria.by/experiences/city-country-culture/churches-monasteries/ettal-monastery/ The capital of the province of Trento and the whole region is Trentino, and the capital of Alto Adige is Bolzano. Although there is no clear geographical division of the area or definition of the rural population, the universal characteristics of the rural area (according to Ashley and Maxwell, 2001) are: The economy relies on micro and small entrepreneurs in agriculture as well as in tourism and other related activities. The largest hotel has 100 beds. That same year, a GDP of 37,2 billion euros or 30.800 euros per capita was recorded. According to data from 2001, the region had a total of 651.426 beds, of which 236.864 in hotels. Most of the capacity is family accommodation. Our quality differences That’s exactly it. Finely packaged indigenous lifestyle. Vitality style. We live in the mountains. Of course, public authorities need to develop infrastructure, primarily communication, transport links, kindergartens, schools, health care, social gathering facilities (sports, entertainment, recreation). Roof brand  Hundreds of owners of smaller agricultural plots are joining agricultural cooperatives. There is a problem. Are there any solutions? European countries define urbanized areas on the basis of urban land use, not allowing any interruptions more than 200 m from the building to the building, and use satellite imagery to determine the boundaries of the urban area. In less developed countries, in addition to the requirements for land use and population density, the requirement that the vast majority of the population, usually 75%, is not engaged in agriculture and / or fisheries is sometimes used. Work in a companyAgriculture on a family farmDomestic tourism The region is a well-known producer of wine, fruit (10% of the total world production of apples), paper, developed chemical and metal processing industry and production of electricity from renewable sources, mostly through hydropower plants. In the developed west, it has become fashionable for young computer scientists to live in a rural area, if they have a good internet connection, because they can recreate in nature between and after work. (And this is absolutely necessary because of the “seating mode”). center_img Rural area – What is it? This was followed by active work on EU funds, but also on connecting stakeholders in agricultural production and processing of agricultural products. Thus, 70 wheat-producing farms have teamed up with one mill and bakeries to produce regional flour from which regional bread is produced in order to achieve a better and guaranteed purchase price of wheat. Other farmers are encouraged to process or to cooperate with local processors. This is how the famous producers of prosciutto and dried pork “Vulcano” were born, then winemakers (one of the most famous is Thaller), producers of brandy, liqueur and vinegar (Golles) and many others. The processing of agricultural products is presented as “Culinary Products”, ie high-value products for gastronomy. Today they have 63 producers under the brand “Steirisches Vulkanland”, then 52 craftsmen, 30 centers for the renewal of life energy „ Agricultural production has been maintained and improved (especially the production of milk and dairy products, fruit growing.) Traditional activities such as forest management and wood processing have been improved. New technological micro and small enterprises have emerged. Tourism has become a platform for the survival of small rural communities. Depopulations of spaceDeparture of the working reproductive populationThe rapid aging of the communityUnsustainability of health and pension fundsThe school system is fallingThe communal standard is fallingFalling income tax revenueTo the necessary sudden mechanical influx of labor from other areas and from other countries, which produces a socio-cultural conflict… They also have 17% more population with more family members, 82% more employees in the primary sector than the Austrian average, 2% more in the secondary sector.8% of the economy is engaged in tourism and leisure, 54% crafts, 25%, trade, mediation, managing 8% information consulting. Of the schools, they have 44 primary, 16 secondary, 1 special, 8 polytechnic, 2 more for production occupations, 1 higher for tourism and 1 higher for kindergarten teachers. It’s hard to find an answer that will satisfy everyone, but… “You will find happiness if you love life, not if you love money.” Money is a reward, it comes at the end of an honest job. Happy is that country where happy people live, people who love life. To love your region, your homeland, the way of life in that region. Finally, we are Southerners, temperamental, loyal to family, social people. These “Austrian Fužine” unite everything that was previously written on this topic. Find out more HERE Result: Unemployment is low, around 5%. The region now has 3% more young people under 19 than the Austrian average but also 5% more population over the age of 65. They have a total of 800 to 1000 cattle, with some households having only 4 and some more than 50 head of cattle. The monastery has 80 heads in its own barn. 90% of cooperatives are engaged in milk production as a supplementary occupation. Most are also involved in tourism. All together they own the dairy and tasting room in the convent. They process 4.000 liters of milk a day. They produce cheese, cream, yogurt, butter, drinking milk. Every day at 11 am they have an organized guided tour of the plant with a tasting. In the tasting room itself, 50% of the production is sold and the rest through a network of small shops and restaurants. Annual processing of 1,4 million liters of milk of indigenous cattle thus achieving a better brand of their products and promoting biodiversity. They employ the local population and women can only work part-time. They received a one-time state incentive in the form of a 25% subsidy for the construction of a dairy with a tasting room. The difference in price they achieve in this way is about 35 – 42 Eurocents per liter of milk. A further benefit is the salary of employees that remains in place and amounts to about 500 Euros per year. 000 visitors pass through the monastery tasting room every year, and the cooperative generates an annual income of 60.000 million Euros. Company work + cooperative agriculture + family tourism Families in rural areas earn their income through three possible sources: Imagine a continental region (tourist destination) of 1.145 km2, with 103.000 inhabitants, 79 municipalities and 4 subregions (districts), in which the largest city has 4.614 inhabitants. Such a model helps to overcome the shortcomings of life in rural areas. Due to higher incomes of families and communities, more is being invested in communal infrastructure, transport connections. Grants from state and EU funds also go in this direction. Urban centers are more accessible and life in rural areas is of better quality. Although the construction of certain attractive zones, especially along the sea, can deceive us with the presentation of urbanization, the fact is that these areas, according to other parameters, belong to rural areas. Life in a rural area brings certain difficulties: Poor demographic picture and trends in rural areas lead to: Small, family-run, Vitalpina hotels / Vitalpa’s philosophy – Wir leben Berge  Styrian volcanic land: https://www.vulkanland.at/ We live in a rural area Examples of good practice  The Vitalpina Hotels South Tyrol offers the vital alpine Lebensgefühl South Tyrol. A common philosophy and tested quality criteria can be found in the standard in 31 family-run hotels. All this excellence is embraced by the umbrella brand Sudtirol. The branding system dates back to 2003 when it was realized that different branding of products and content in the same province actually harms everyone. Synergy gives strength and the umbrella brand security to the service user or customer of the product. Socializing, nurturing old customs, traditions, costumes, dancing, folklore, traditional dishes, enjoying the preserved natural environment ični authentic lifestyle of our grandfathers “packed” in a modern tourist product is the path to happiness for us and for our friends, our guests. It is wise to learn from the better ones. We learn from the best. The regions in the Alps have made the most of sustainable and responsible rural development. The revival comes after more than ten years of persistent implementation of the strategy. Trentino Alto Adige: https://www.suedtirol.info/de Traditional activities + tourism in the household  They reach the nearest town by combined transport by bicycle and train. Even the planet-popular Redbull has chosen the picturesque alpine town of Fuschl am See as its headquarters. What is happiness?  About 10% of the population is made up of settled foreigners, and all the rest declare themselves as Italians with their mother tongue German or Italian. The combination of agriculture, tourism and small business – Thus began the revival of the economically weakest Austrian region – Lower Styria, where the average gross salary ranges between 1.820 and 1.890 Euros (Austrian average around 2.500 Euros). In the countryside, in a rural area, we can have a quality life if we combine traditional household agriculture and household accommodation and sell surplus products through tourism. At the same time, we can do another job in a company or work from home via an internet connection. At the same time, the income we generate through tourism is the added value that enables us the desired standard of living. Author: Nedo Pinezić, www.nedopinezic.comlast_img read more