Emigration in emperor penguins: implications for interpretation of long-term studies

first_imgSite fidelity is an important evolutionary trait to understand, as misinterpretation of philopatric behavior could lead to confusion over the key drivers of population dynamics and the environmental or anthropogenic factors influencing populations. Our objective was to explore the hypothesis that emperor penguins are strictly philopatric using satellite imagery, counts from aerial photography, and literature reports on emperor penguin distributions. We found six instances over three years in which emperor penguins did not return to the same location to breed. We also report on one newly-discovered colony on the Antarctic Peninsula that may represent the relocation of penguins from the Dion Islands, recently confirmed as having been abandoned. Using evidence from aerial surveys and the historical literature, we suggest that emigration may have been partly responsible for the population decline at Pointe Géologie during the 1970s. Our study is the first to use remote sensing imagery to suggest that emperor penguins can and do move between, and establish new, colonies. Metapopulation dynamics of emperor penguins have not been previously considered and represent an exciting, and important, avenue for future research. Life history plasticity is increasingly being recognized as an important aspect of climate change adaptation, and in this regard our study offers new insight for the long-term future of emperor penguins.last_img read more

10 Companies You’ve Never Heard Of Control More Than 50 Of The Biggest Restaurant…

first_imgBrinker InternationalFacebook/Chili’s Brinker International owns Chili’s Grill & Bar and Maggiano’s Little Italy. Previously, the company has owned chains including Romano’s Macaroni Grill, On the Border, and Corner Bakery Cafe. Yum Brands Golden Gate Capital Focus BrandsHollis Johnson/Business InsiderFocus Brands is the franchisor and operator behind Carvel, Cinnabon, Schlotzsky’s, Jamba Juice, Moe’s Southwest Grill, Auntie Anne’s, McAlister’s Deli, and Seattle’s Best Coffee.The company is owned by private-equity firm Roark Capital, which is reportedly considering an IPO for Focus Brands in 2019. Roark’s portfolio expands beyond food and beverage, with stakes in companies such as Anytime Fitness and Drybar, as well as Inspire Brands, another restaurant-centric company.Inspire Brands Yum Brands owns KFC, Pizza Hut, and Taco Bell.“We don’t need to do an acquisition to build scale. We already have a scale,” David Gibbs, Yum Brands’ president and chief financial officer, told Business Insider in December.Gibbs says he believes scale is becoming increasingly important. For example, the company’s scale helped make possible its deal with GrubHub, in which Yum Brands purchased a $200 million stake in the delivery company.“That’s why you’re seeing so many other companies go out and try to acquire new concepts just to try and build their own scale,” Gibbs said.Read more: The company behind Taco Bell, KFC, and Pizza Hut hasn’t been caught up in the restaurant industry acquisition spree — yet. Here is what the president is looking for.Restaurant Brands International Restaurant Brands InternationalHollis Johnson/Business InsiderRestaurant Brands International is the parent company of Burger King, Tim Hortons, and Popeyes.“In the past, you’ve seen us be opportunistic,” executive chairman Daniel Schwartz said in a call with investors on Wednesday, regarding the company’s acquisition strategy. “We’ve acquired three incredible brands that we think have great global growth potential.”Going forward, Schwartz said that Restaurant Brands International would consider acquiring other “iconic” brands with significant long-term growth potential.Read more: Burger King’s parent company is rumored to be considering buying Papa John’s. Here’s what the chairman says he looks for in a brand. Darden RestaurantsHollis Johnson/Business InsiderDarden Restaurants is the Orlando, Florida-based company that owns eight chains, including Olive Garden, LongHorn Steakhouse, and Cheddar’s Scratch Kitchen.“Really, nothing has changed in the last 40 years with dining,” Darden CEO Gene Lee said in a presentation in January.“With all the technological advancements, if you think about it, we’re still basically doing the same thing,” Lee continued. “I don’t see in the next 10 years any dramatic changes other than a continued transparency with what you’re serving people. And, I think, you are going to have to be a little bit more convenient for them.”Read more: The CEO of Olive Garden and LongHorn Steakhouse’s parent company reveals what the company looks for in an acquisition — and it’s not a trendy fast-casual chain or a ‘technologically advanced experience’JAB Holding JAB HoldingHollis JohnsonOne of the most massive food-and-beverage giants is JAB Holding, the investment arm of the secretive Reimann family. JAB owns chains including Krispy Kreme, Panera, Caribou Coffee, Au Bon Pain, and Pret A Manger, as well as Keurig Dr. Pepper and bottled-water brand Core.Read more: The European company that owns Panera and Krispy Kreme has quietly acquired a new bottled-water company in its quest to create a beverage empire Focus Brands Golden Gate CapitalHollis Johnson/Business Insider Brinker International Bloomin’ Brandscenter_img Yum BrandsHollis Johnson/Business Insider Bloomin' BrandsFacebook/Outback SteakhouseBloomin’ Brands is the parent company of Outback Steakhouse, Carrabba’s Italian Grill, Bonefish Grill, and Fleming’s Prime Steakhouse.In 2018, activist investor Barington Capital Group encouraged the company to spin off or sell some of the chains to focus on Outback Steakhouse. Inspire BrandsHollis JohnsonIn September, Inspire Brands announced it would be acquiring burger chain Sonic for $2.3 billion, including debt. The deal follows Inspire Brands — which already owned Arby’s — closing on a deal to acquire Buffalo Wild Wings and Rusty Taco earlier in 2018.“We like brands that are great brands, that have gone through a period of great success, and maybe in a temporary period with a little bit of a challenge, where there’s an opportunity to come in and get it back on a path,” Inspire Brands CEO Paul Brown told Business Insider at the time.Inspire Brands is majority-owned by Roark Capital.Read more: Arby’s former CEO is building a fast-food empire Jollibee Foods Corporation FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailShare Golden Gate Capital owns Bob Evans and California Pizza Kitchen, and it holds a majority stake in Red Lobster. The holding company’s portfolio also includes Eddie Bauer, Pacific Sunwear of California, and Next Model Management. 10 Companies You’ve Never Heard Of Control More Than 50 Of The Biggest Restaurant Chains In The Worldby Yutong Yuan and  Katie Taylor for Business Insider Ten companies control more than 50 of the biggest names in the chain restaurant business, from Panera to Burger King.As it becomes more expensive to run a restaurant, more chains are consolidating under mega-companies.Here is a look at who actually owns some of the biggest names in the restaurant business.Your favorite fast-food chain may not be exactly what it seems.While chains like Burger King, Taco Bell, and Olive Garden have name recognition, many of the biggest brands in the restaurant business are actually owned by mega-companies. These holding companies and private-equity firms often invest in or own a number of brands, in and outside of the restaurant industry.As costs rise, the scale is increasingly crucial in the restaurant business.“If you can take it and spread the cost across 8,400 restaurants versus 3,600 restaurants … there’s an inherent advantage in that,” Paul Brown, the CEO of Arby’s, Sonic, and Buffalo Wild Wings parent company Inspire Brands, recently told Business Insider.Read more: Inspire Brands CEO reveals his plans for Buffalo Wild Wings’ comeback, Sonic’s expansion, and more acquisitionsHere is a look at which companies actually own some of the biggest names in the restaurant business: In addition to its namesake Jollibee, Jollibee Foods Corporation has also invested in American chains such as chef Rick Bayless’ Tortas Frontera and Smashburger, which JFC acquired in 2018. JFC additionally serves as an international franchisee for a number of brands, including Dunkin’ Donuts and Burger King. Jollibee Foods CorporationHollis Johnson Darden Restaurantslast_img read more

Premier Foods appoints new non-exec director

first_imgPremier Foods has appointed a new non-executive director with immediate effect.The company, which is the parent company behind the Hovis and Rank Hovis groups, has appointed Pam Powell.She has more than 20 years marketing experience developing some of the world’s leading consumer brands and most recently, she was the group strategy and innovation director for SAB Miller, one of the world’s leading brewers.Additionally, she has held numerous marketing roles in the home and personal care sector during a 13 year career at Unilever, culminating in her role as global vice president of the skin care category.last_img read more

Compelled to create art

first_imgIn an age in which nearly everyone is a photographer, thanks to Instagram and other popular apps, Robin Kelsey is going back to basics. In his new book, “Photography and the Art of Chance,” the Shirley Carter Burden Professor of Photography and chair of the Department of History of Art and Architecture inspects the art form’s rather haphazard nature. The Gazette spoke with Kelsey about his work, his career before art, his thoughts on Instagram and Snapchat, and even about the selfie.   GAZETTE: You were originally a lawyer before studying art. Why the switch from law to art, and how did your focus become photography?KELSEY: No two people blaze the same trail, right? I went through more than a decade of vocational indecision, and only the patient support of my parents got me through. I actually spent two years in Harvard’s Ph.D. program in fine arts (now the History of Art and Architecture) before leaving to explore other futures, including the practice of law. Ten years later, I was an associate in litigation at a San Francisco law firm, having received a J.D. from Yale. The work was making me miserable. One July afternoon, as part of a program for our summer associates, I went to the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. The pleasure and meaning I took from my time in the galleries that afternoon stood in such marked contrast to my unhappiness in the office that a switch was thrown. With the support of the woman I was dating at the time and would soon marry, I contacted one of my Harvard professors and began the process of returning to art history. Going through these twists and turns was not easy, but I have no regrets. My varied education and experience comes into play in everything I do now.The specialization in photography was somewhat accidental. I was actually working on a landscape-painting dissertation when I decided that it would be a good idea to deliver a paper at the annual meeting of the College Art Association. The only landscape panel offered that year focused on photography, so I submitted a proposal on a survey photographer named Timothy O’Sullivan, whose work I had long admired. The paper was very well received, and I was off to the races, betting on a new horse.GAZETTE: Your book deals with the role of chance in photography throughout history. How does chance complicate a photographic moment? Why is this fascinating to you?KELSEY: Most everyone who has used a camera understands that chance plays a big role in photography. An experienced photographer can make a great image, but so can a toddler wandering around and shooting haphazardly. As the literature scholar Walter Benn Michaels has noted, taking a photograph is as much a matter of hoping as of trying. What does it mean that the modern world has given so much of its art and visual culture over to a technology prone to chance? Have we been honest with ourselves about the implications of this investment? These are questions that fascinate me.Let me offer an example. In 1945, Joe Rosenthal made one of the most famous photographs of all time: his image of the flag-raising on Iwo Jima. When Rosenthal packed up the 18 exposures he made that day of the flag raising and put them on the mail plane to Guam, he had no idea that he had produced such an extraordinary image. In fact, when he arrived days later on Guam and learned that one of the 18 photographs he had taken that day had become famous, he had no idea which image it was. The fact that the image is treated as a “work” — garnering Rosenthal a Pulitzer Prize and making him famous — suggests that we have not been terribly honest with ourselves about the role of chance in photography. Would you give someone a Pulitzer Prize for a great poker hand? The issue is not how much credit Rosenthal deserves — he was by all accounts a very brave, decent, and competent man. The issue is rather that we want photographs to bear the meaning of traditional pictures even though the process that goes into them is radically different. In other words, we want from photography all the ease of automation and all the meaning of authorship, and it’s by no means clear that you can have both.GAZETTE: How is your book relevant today? It seems that nowadays, thanks to Instagram and Snapchat, everyone is a photographer. That happenstance you talk about in your book is so prevalent today with filters, editing software, and more. What is the state of contemporary photography?KELSEY: It’s odd. On the one hand, chance is enlisted like never before. On the other hand, this enlistment is so vast that the power of chance seems less compelling. When everything seems to be photographed, every accidental image comes to seem inevitable and therefore banal. The power of chance is eroded further by the multiplying means we have of fashioning images after exposure. There are cameras now that allow you to select your focus after the fact. With these technologies, the so-called decisive moment is increasingly something you can concoct after the fact.GAZETTE: Speaking of social media, what are your thoughts on the ways photos are being used now? Are snaps from our smartphones killing, or at least dulling, the art of photography?KELSEY: In the analog era, photographs were largely thought of as records or mementos. They bolstered personal and public memory. Today, many young people use photographs as a medium of communication. Here I am, in this cool place, or with my friends, or having fun, the photograph declares. There is no thought about what such a photograph will mean five days from now, much less five years. This is a sea change for the medium.The radical surge in quantity is also changing photography. How much meaning can a single image bear when there are so many? To cope with the profusion, the reception of photographs has accelerated, and the time spent with any particular photograph has shrunk. Many photographs receive only the time necessary to “like” them or not. I’m fine with that. The random snapshot never actually deserved more. In a sense, the digital deluge has clarified that art in photography requires more than a striking picture.GAZETTE: Be honest, have you ever taken a selfie?KELSEY: Of course! It helps that I have long arms.GAZETTE: What’s next for you?KELSEY: I’m working on a book about cameras and the ’60s. We associate the ’60s with photographs of street protests, the war in Vietnam, and the psychedelic lifestyle. But many observers at the time were worried that cameras were distorting human behavior and the integrity of social institutions. In the age of the selfie, I think we can learn a lot by recalling a time when public debate raged concerning the artifice of performing for the camera.last_img read more

SMC celebrates Martin Luther King’s legacy

first_imgSaint Mary’s will celebrate the work of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (MLK), during MLK Commemoration and Celebration Week, which will begin Monday with a multidisciplinary performance event. The event was organized by the student organization Sisters of Nefertiti.Bianca Tirado, assistant director of Student Involvement and Multicultural Service said she feels this celebration recognizes King’s work as the foundation of much of the modern Saint Mary’s community’s strength.“[King] advocated inclusivity and he advocated for us to be able to be where we are now. I see that MLK was someone ahead of his time … the fact that we can come together and walk together, that is something to me that I cherish because we weren’t able to do that 50 years ago,” Bianca Tirado, assistant director of Student Involvement and Multicultural Service, said.A little over 50 years ago, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. spoke at the University of Notre Dame and led the historic March on Washington, Tirado said. She said this anniversary factored into the planning of the week’s events around the theme, “justice.”“When I was brainstorming about the events to have this year with the Sisters of Nefertiti, we wanted to do something different … I think that the atmosphere is going to be more of a celebration and it will show how much we as a society have moved forward,” Tirado said. “We’re really happy with the events we have going on. And I think they really show a well-rounded view of MLK’s dream, his legacy, and what he was trying to promote through his life.”A “Kick Off” will jumpstart the week Monday evening, when students will celebrate King’s memory through poetry, music, spoken word and fellowship, junior Laura Early, president of the Sisters of Nefertiti, said.Early said she is especially excited about “The Loving Story,” a movie that will be shown on Tuesday. The movie follows the true story of the first legally recognized biracial couple and will be followed by a discussion panel, Early said.“At the movie discussion, I want people to be comfortable,” she said. “Come with questions and come with concerns, come to learn. MLK week is a chance to really learn about and recognize MLK.”Wednesday’s “March to Mass” will foster an environment of fellowship. Early said the Mass will be centered on justice and will allow her to share her own King experience with the Saint Mary’s community.“In his ‘I Have a Dream’ speech he [King] said, ‘I have a dream that one day little black girls will be holding hands with little white girls,’” Early said. “And that really signifies what Saint Mary’s does here: We’re here as a family, we don’t see skin deep.Early said the week will culminate with a formal “Martin Luther King Jr. Celebration Dinner” on Thursday, where guests including President Mooney will share in a community celebration of King as well as listen to a guest speaker while enjoying a meal catered by Sodexo.“I want anyone who attends the events to walk away with a sense of satisfaction. I want them to take away that it’s a celebration of how we have moved forward as a society, and to be aware that change has happened,” Tirado said.All events are free and open to the public. Information on the locations and times of the week’s events can be found on OrgSync as well as on saintmarys.edu. Please RSVP for the Thursday dinner by emailing [email protected]: MLK Daylast_img read more

Jamestown Man To Spend Over A Decade In Prison On Child Porn Conviction

first_imgShare:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) BUFFALO – A City of Jamestown man will spend more than a decade behind bars after he was convicted of receipt and possession of child pornography.The U.S. Attorney’s Office in Buffalo says 35-year-old Matthew Bailer was sentenced to serve twelve- and one-half years in prison and 10 years supervised release after that.Prosecutors say in July 2018 the Jamestown Police Department received a complaint from a parent that her children may have been sexually abused by Bailer. The parent stated that she was told by Bailer’s sister that a series of concerning pictures, sexual in nature, texted by the man.Bailer was subsequently arrested on a warrant out of Missouri related to a burglary case. During a search of his cell phone, investigators recovered several hundred images of images of child pornography involving sexually explicit conduct by prepubescent and pubescent children.The sentencing is the result of an investigation by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, under the direction of Special Agent-in-Charge Stephen Belongia, and the Jamestown Police Department, under the direction of Acting Chief Timothy Jackson.last_img read more

Jennifer Hudson & Cynthia Erivo Knock Out The Color Purple’s Title Song

first_imgAre your eyes open? Look what God has done: given us Oscar winner Jennifer Hudson and fellow Broadway newcomer Cynthia Erivo in The Color Purple. The two stopped by Good Morning America on November 24 to discuss the experience of bringing the powerful musical back to New York and to perform the title song. “I never expected that little play we did in London would transfer here to this gorgeous place,” says Erivo, who stars as Celie. Hudson, who plays Shug, is taking it all in as well. “It’s a beautiful experience. I feel like I’m in theater school right now!” And then we get to the song. The riffs. The key change. The surprise whistle tones?! They’re all here for you to listen to on loop. The Color Purple opens as the Bernard B. Jacobs Theatre on December 10. Cynthia Erivo Related Shows The Color Purple Show Closed This production ended its run on Jan. 8, 2017center_img View Comments Star Files Jennifer Hudsonlast_img read more

Target breach turns 1, merchant security standards remain lax

first_img 5SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr While Cyber Monday brings online deals from retailers around the country, it also brings fresh concerns for the credit union community about future merchant data breaches. Credit Union National Association President/CEO Jim Nussle said future breaches are only going to add to the costs already borne by credit unions.“On Cyber Monday–the biggest online shopping day of the year–credit unions and CUNA remain very concerned that most retailers are doing little or nothing to stop data breaches. Under today’s standards for retailers, it’s not a question of if retailers will be breached again–whether online or at their brick-and-mortar stores–it’s only a matter of when,” he said. “And credit unions will once again be left holding the bag to protect their members.”It was just about a year ago hackers were compromising millions of Target customer data records in a huge breach of information. Nussle remarked on the nearing that anniversary, and again called for retailers to adopt the same data security standards financial institutions are subject to.“A year ago, Target allowed its customers’ data to be breached and fall into the hands of criminals. To date, Target has yet to pay a penny to financial institutions–including the $30 million credit unions and their members incurred–to cover the costs that the data breach imposed on them. And costs to credit unions have continued to add up this year,” Nussle said. continue reading »last_img read more

Are credit unions waving the right flag?

first_img 18SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr,Michael Ogden Michael has been in the social media business for more than a decade inside the credit union, technology, financial and food industries. He’s the founder of For3, LLC, which … Web: www.for3forgood.com Details Due to recent events, I felt like I needed to share some thoughts on the changes (finally) happening with the Confederate flag (finally). I had written a full, and quite funny, article about social media for credit unions…but I couldn’t hand it in. You’ll see it next month. True StoryGrowing up in a tiny town in the south in the 1970s was nice. It was warm at Christmas and blazing hot in the summer. The town was ours to roam through on our bikes, stop over at a neighbor’s for some “sun tea” and a Popsicle. It was paradise – until I was 10 and really understood.After listening to a George Carlin album that I secretly bought, it hit me for some reason: “Wait, this whole town is white.” It was a simple and powerful thought for me at the time and everything started to make sense: the Confederate flag waving in town, displayed on pickup trucks, on jackets, proudly waving from houses and the police and fire stations.We lived in a town that was 100% white. No joke.I had a great family, awesome friends….and we were a hugely racist group. I just didn’t realize it. The jokes, the comments, the slang terms – it’s just how we were raised and I was an idiot. But (finally) I was aware of what was really being said and I was uncomfortable. Slowly, I started having tiny discussions with “harmless” questions about the Civil War and of course those eventually turned into full arguments about the god**mned war that ended kind of a long time ago (it’s a touchy subject for some). On more than one Thanksgiving dinner occasion, people would shout in full confidence that “the South will rise again!”It was a town deeply rooted in the worst atrocities this country has ever been involved with…and it was a flag they waved proudly.Fortunately, times have changed for the less-racists. Sure, the sign that reads “Jesus Is Lord!” is still the first thing you see when you drive in to town, but the “Stars and Bars” have been gone for some time now and the town has turned into a much more diverse place with the Hispanic and African-American population growing rapidly. Because, you know what? It’s a cool place to live.Grandparents and now-deceased great-grandparents all eventually agreed that it was a terrible thing to be segregated and had full-blown guilt about it.So now (finally) our country, our culture and even our politicians are doing something about these bits of racist flag-waving. Wal-Mart, Sears, Amazon, Etsy, eBay and others have pulled the sale of Confederate flags from their stores and sites. Since the awful events in Charleston, there have been marches in South Carolina and demands from their governor to remove the flag. The House speaker of Mississippi says it’s time to remove the Confederate flag portion from their state flag.I say all of this for a reason – to make sure credit unions out there are paying attention. Is there anything, I mean ANYTHING about your brand that is “old-school” and could be offensive to anyone? Is the language of your marketing and social media posts appropriate and inclusive? Is your employee-base reflective of your community and CU culture? These things add up and if you have any questionable and possibly-racist/offensive ways of doing business, you will be found out and the public will be all over it – as they should.We are in a time of change that has taken much too long to come. From what I’ve read and followed, it’s safe to say that social media has played a significant role in moving this country into a better spot by ditching that flag.This isn’t about giving in to public pressure. This is about waving the right flag for everyone.last_img read more

Maximizing your credit union’s ATM ROI

first_img ShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr continue reading » Good investments pay for themselves over time. Ultimately, the goal is that investments add value. Yet some aspects of banking and banking technology present very low or negative returns on investment (ROI). When such is the case, it’s important to see how to maximize that financial return.ATMs see very high transaction volumes. However, most of those transactions don’t incur direct charges, so the majority of their use is free of charge. That puts a real strain on a financial institution’s ability to support their ATM network.Fortunately, there are ways to reduce the total cost of ownership (TCO) of your ATMs. The folks at Tellerex outlined four ways that credit unions and other financial institutions can increase the ROI of their ATM fleet. Each way presents a new way to think about managing the ATM lifecycle—and each way opens up new opportunities for life extension, cost savings, and marketing opportunities.Here are the four ways to maximize your credit union’s ROI on its ATM fleet.last_img read more